KALOUGATA

Kalou   "a spirit...a god ..."

Gata     "a snake or viper, of which there is a number of kinds..."  "

Kalou-gata  "blessed, happy; as n., happiness, and formerly a mode of worship rendered to Degei conceived as a giant snake in the cave at Nakauvadra ..."

- A New Fijian Dictionary, Compiled by A Capell M.A. (Sydney), Ph.D. (London) 1941 for the Government of Fiji, 1991.

REJECTION

Our rejection of the use of ‘kalougata’ is grounded not merely in the grammatical compound ‘kalou’
(meaning god) and ‘gata’ (meaning snake) as clearly un-Biblical, and therefore both unacceptable
and unwarranted, but objectionable because its literary presence in the Scripture and its extant use
in prayer and preaching constitute an unholy triad of violations of the Ten Commandments:-

  1. the first commandment of the Decalogue which forbids polytheism ("Thou shalt have no other gods before me" - Ex.20:3),  the worship of any other god other than the God of Heaven is forbidden.
  2. the second commandment of the same which forbids theistic polymorphism ("Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image.." - Ex.20:4), the substitution of a snake god or his name as representative of the God of Heaven is forbidden.
  3. and the third of the ten commandments which forbids polyonymism ("Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain.." - Ex.20:7), the incorrect use of God's holy name is forbidden.

Use of ‘kalougata’ is therefore, by our understanding, not optional, but to be utterly repudiated wherever God’s name is to
be honoured and lifted up among Christians.

REFERENCES

Extract from Wikipedia - "Religion in Fiji"

First and foremost among the Kalou-vu was Degei, who was a god of Rakiraki but was known throughout most of the Fiji Group of islands except for the eastern islands of the Lau group. He was believed to be the origin of all tribes within Fiji and his power was superior to most, if not all, the other gods. He was often depicted as a snake, or as half snake and half stone. R.A Derrick (1957:11) says:

“In these traditions Degei figures not only as the origin of the people, but also as a huge snake, living in a cave near the summit of the mountain Uluda - the northernmost peak of the Nakauvadra Range. Earth tremors and thunder were ascribed as his uneasy turnings within the cave. He took no interest in his people’s affairs; his existence was no more than a round of eating and sleeping. By association with him, snakes were honoured as ‘the Offspring of the origin’. The snake cult was generally throughout the group.

Other gods recognized throughout the Fiji group were: Ravuyalo, Rakola, and Ratumaibulu. Rokola was the son of Degei and was the patron of carpenters and canoe-builders, while Ratumaibulu assured the success of garden crops. Ravuyalo would stand watch on the path followed by departed spirits: he would look to catch them off guard and club them. His purpose was to obstruct their journey to the afterlife (Bulu).

 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religion_in_Fiji

Abstract taken from – “Tukutuku kei Viti – O VITI MAKAWA”

 ..."A nodrau qase vu na Tomanaivi, sa tolu na yacana era dau cavuta na neimami qase:-

1. O Ratu-mai-Bula (koya sa bula mai Bulu). E ra sa qai dau cavuti koya tale kina, o Ratu-mai-Bula, era kaya, koya ka taukeni Bulu kei Vuravura talega.

2. Kotoinaqara. Era kaya sa nona vale o Bula, o ya na loma ivuravura. Sa katuba kei Bulu i Vuravura, na gusu ni qara levu e ruku ni ulunivanua ni Kalou o Nakauvadra.

3. Degei. Sa dua tani vei iratou na yaca oqo. Sa bale ki na ulu-ni-gata levu ka vakalomana (me luaraka mai na veika kece sa dau yacovi vuravura). O ya sa cavuti kina me iDegei se Degea, Degelaka (me tasova mai na lewe ni kato o ya). O Ratu-mai-Bula oqo, o koya ka kacabote mai Bulu, ki na Molikalagi e cake mai Nakauvadra, o ya mai na Vanua ni Yalo e ruku ivuravura e ra. Era qai cavuti koya kina nodrau kawa na Tomanaivi, me yacana o Ratu-mai-Bula (A Kalou Vure iBulu). Oqo ga neimami Kalou-vu-levu duadua na kai Viti. Sa gata ka ulu vakatamata, ni rogo mai na nona vosa i vuravura, sa mana i na ka kecega sa vosa kina; ni lutu na kuru, era kaya na Vu kei Viti; Sa vosa mai bulu o Ratu. E na dua tale na gauna, sa dau rairai mai na gusu ni qara, sa gata ka ulu vakatamata, ka yago va-gata, sa cavuti koya me Kalougata, na noqu Kalou. "

- Chapter 3; Author – Mokunitulevu Narai, written in 1907 -1925

203 VERSES USING "KALOUGATA" IN THE OLD TRANSLATION

"KALOUGATA"

Gen 12:3, Gen 14:19, Gen18:18, Gen 22:18, Gen 24:31, Gen 26:4, Gen 27:29, Gen 28:14, Gen 30:13, Gen 49:28, Lev 25:21, Num 22:6, Num 24:9, Num 25:12, Deut 7:14, Deut 23:5, Deut 28:3, Deut 28:8, Deut 33:29, Josh 15:19, Judg 1:15, Ruth 2:19, 1 Sam 25:33, 1 Sam 26:25, 1 Kings 2:45, 1 Kings 10:8, 2 Chr 9:7, Job 5:17, Ps 1:1, Ps 2:12, Ps 32:1, Ps 32:2, Ps 33:12, Ps 34:8, Ps 40:4, Ps 41:1, Ps 64:4, Ps 84:4, Ps 84:5, Ps 94:12, Ps 106:3, Ps 112:1, Ps 119:1, Ps 119:2, Ps 126:26, Ps 127:6, Ps 128:2, Ps 128:4, Ps 144:15, Ps 146:5, Pv 3:13, Pv 8:32, Pv 14:21, Pv 16:20, Pv 22:9, Pv 28:14, Pv 29:18, Isa 19:25, Isa 30:18, Isa 56:2, Neh 13:2,  Jer 17:7, Dan 4:4, Dan 12:12, Zec 4:7, Mal 3:15,  Matt 5:3, Matt 5:4, Matt 5:5, Matt 5:6, Matt 5:7, Matt 5:8, Matt 5:9, Matt 5:10, Matt 5:11, Matt 11:6, Mk 11:9, Lk 1:2, Lk 1:42, Lk 1:45, Lk 1:48, Lk 6:20, Lk 7:23, Lk 10:23, Lk 11:28, Lk 12:15, Lk 12:37, Lk 13:16, Lk 14:14,  Lk 16:17, Lk 19:38, Lk 21:9, Lk 24:46, Jn 12:13, Jn 13:17, Jn 20:29, Acts 3:25, Acts 26:2, Rom 1:10, Rom 4:7, Rom 4:8, Rom 4:9, Rom 8:18, Rom 14:22, 1 Cor 7:40, Gal 3:8, 1 Thes 2:14, Js 1:12, Js 5:11, 1 Pet 3:14, 1 Pet 14:14, Rev 1:3, Rev 14:13, Rev 16:15, Rev 19:9, Rev 20:6, Rev 22:7.


"VAKALOUGATATAKA"

Gen 39:5, Ex 23:25, 2 Sam 7:29, 2 Chr 17:27, Job 1:10, Job 42:12, Ps 5:12, Ps 29:11, Pv 3:33, Isa 61:19, Heb 6:7, 1 Pet 3:9


"VAKALOUGATATAKI"

Gen 12:2, Gen 17:16, Gen 17:20, Gen 22:17, Gen 25:11, Gen 26:3, Gen 27:35, Gen 30:30, Gen 39:25, Ex 20:24, Ex 32:29, Num 6:24, Num 24:1, Deut 7:13, Deut 15:4, Deut 26:15, Deut 30:16, Josh 17:14, Judg 13:24, Ruth 2:4, 1 Sam 15:13, 2 Sam 6:11, 1 Chr 13:14, 1 Chr 4:10, Ps 45:2, Ps 67:1, Ps 107:38, Ps 115:13, Ps 128:5, Ps 129:8, Ps 147:13, Pv 28:20, Pv 31:28, Isa 51:2, Eze 44:30, Hag 2:19, Mal 22:2, Matt 25:34, Act 3:36, Rom 8:17, 1 Cor 16:2, Eph 1:3


"VEIVAKALOUGATATAKI"

Gen 12:2, Gen 27:12, Gen 28:4, Gen 49:45, Deut 11:26, Deut 28:2, Deut 30:19, Deut 33:1, Josh 8:34, Ps 3:8, Ps 21:3, Ps 118:25, Ps 133:3, Pv 10:6, Pv 10:22, Pv 11:11, Isa 18:24, Isa 44:3, Isa 65:8, Eze 34:26, Joel 2:14, Zach 8:13, Mal 3:10, Act 20:35, Rom 15:29, Gal 3:14, Eph 1:3, Titus 2:13